This posting itself is not about mirrors (or mirrors in art, for that matter), but it’s becoming more and more difficult to write my ‘mirror’ stories without some kind of meta-tools. There are too many masters, of many schools, from many cities, who created large volumes of works. It’s all great, but soon all these names and titles start creating a weird cocktail in mind.
Following a self-help mode, I created this simple infoviz, laying next to each other a few big names, together with their years of living. I didn’t include their cities (or origin, and of work), may be I will do in the later ‘editions’. This list doesn’t cover ‘all’ the Italian painters, of course, but only those related to ‘mirrors in art’ (and even this list is not complete; more names will have to be added).
I called them ‘Italian artists’, but we need to understand that what we now call Italy, was by then (15-16 centuries) a turbulent mixture of various kingdoms, principalities, city-states and so forth, all of which were in a state of (almost) permanent war with each other, and also with other (bigger) foreign kings (and their kingdom) – e.g., with Francis I of France, or Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Some of masters had been impacted by all these turbulences more than other. The developments in Venice differed from those in Florence (and Rome), for example, so the group of Venetians – Bellini, Titian, Tintoretto – had been influenced by the fall of Rome in 1527 only indirectly (if at all), while the masters of in Rome and nearby provinces had been hit severely.
Raphael, for example, ‘escaped’ the Sack of Rome simply because he died few years before; and Leonardo, who was fetched to France in 1515, too. e else (which, of course, to disentangle each in different ways – Parmigianino coped with the issue differently than Giulio Romano, and the latter differently than Pontormo etc; but almost everyone had their own share of troubles).